Skin types are important. Knowing your facial skin type allows you to determine the skin care products that are most suitable for you.
We are all born with a genetically predetermined skin type. However, as time goes on, different internal and external factors can influence the way our skin looks and feels. The most common factors include: the food we eat, the weather conditions, any underlying health problems, and the skin care products we use.
There are five different skin types: normal, dry, oily, combination, and sensitive. Each type requires a different skin care routine.
Normal skin has a healthy complexion, infrequent blemishes and a good blood circulation, which gives it a healthy, radiant glow. Normal skin has a supple, smooth texture which is neither greasy nor dry. Despite this, normal skin requires a good skin care routine to help retain its benefits.
Dry skin can look dull and lifeless. This type of skin is prone to fine pores, sensitivity, wrinkles, ageing, and in extreme scenarios - cracking and flaking. Dry skin can feel "tight" and rough, especially after washing and if no moisturiser is used. This uncomfortable feeling is usually exasperated by extreme weather conditions. In a healthy person, dry skin is likely to be a result of under-active oil glands that do not produce enough sebum to keep the skin naturally moisturised.
Oily skin looks shiny, has a greasy texture and is prone to blemishes, like blackheads and acne. The pores appear enlarged and the skin may look coarse. In a healthy person, oily skin is caused by the oil gland producing too much sebum, which results in the slippery texture of the skin surface. However, oily skin has an advantage over other skin types in that it is less prone to ageing.
Combination skin is characterised by patches of both dry and oily skin. The skin is dry usually around the cheeks, the eyes and the mouth, whereas the oily areas are most commonly found in the so-called "T-Zone" (forehead, nose and chin). Most people have combination skin, which is slightly complicated because different areas require different skin care routines.
Sensitive skin is the most fragile type of skin. It can be normal, dry or oily. What makes it different from the skin types discussed above is its delicacy and the tendency to react adversely to environmental factors (temperature, sun, wind). Sensitive skin is prone to blemishes, irritation, itchiness, sunburn and allergic reactions. This type of skin can appear red, scaly and blotchy.
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